Xantus's hummingbird, Basilinna xantusii (syn. Hylocharis xantusii), is a medium-sized hummingbird endemic to Baja California. It is 8–9 cm long, and weighs approximately 3-4 g.
 
 
 
 
Adults are colored predominantly green on their upper parts and back. The tail is mostly dark reddish-brown with faint black tips, but the inner two retrices are green.
 
 
 
The most prominent feature is the white eye stripe found in both males and females, and similar to the related White-eared Hummingbird. The stripe is further enhanced by a bolder black stripe that borders the lower side.
 
 
 
Both genders share cinnamon-brown underparts including the undertail coverts, with the cinnamon covering the throat in the female, notably different to the contrasting white undertail coverts of the white-eared hummingbird. In the male the throat is an iridescent green, though it is often seen as black.
 
 
 
The bill is reddish with a black tip and often slightly curved, unlike the often straight bill of
the white-eared hummingbird. The crown is often slightly greenish, but it appears black at many angles.
 
 
The breeding habitat occurs in various habitats of southern Baja Peninsula of Mexico where it is considered endemic. It has been recorded as a vagrant up the Pacific coast of North America to British Columbia in Canada.
 
 

These birds feed on nectar from flowers and flowering trees using a long extendable tongue or catch insects on the wing.


 
This hummingbird was named after John Xantus de Vesey (Xantus János), a Hungarian zoologist.
 
 

Thought of the day:
 
 
It is not the mountain we conquer but ourselves. -Edmund Hillary, mountaineer and explorer
 

Word of the day:
 
voluble
Voluble describes someone who talks a lot, like your aunt who can’t stop telling you to cut your hair or a political candidate who makes twenty speeches on the day before the election.
 
Have you ever found it especially hard to interrupt someone who talks a lot when he or she gets on a roll? If so, it won’t surprise you that the adjective voluble traces back to the Latin word volvere, meaning “to roll.” The word voluble describes talking continuously, fluently, at great length, in a steady flow. You’ll know it when you meet voluble talkers: they just keep rolling on and on.
 

 
Interesting fact for today:
 
Bonsai!

Long before the bonsai art form of creating miniature trees came to Japan, the wealthy in China were perfecting their craft known as “penzai” and “penjing.” The former means “tray plant” and the latter “tray scenery.” It is from the Japanese pronunciation of “penzai” that the word “bonzai” ultimately derives- “bon” meaning “tray-like” and “sai” meaning “planting.”  (The Japanese equivalent of penjing is bonkei, meaning “tray landscape.”)
 

Today, there is a World Bonsai convention that takes place every four years to showcase the best bonsai masters and their work internationally. Washington D.C. also houses the National Bonsai & Penjing Museum dedicated to the miniaturized trees and landscapes. 
 
And if you visit the Tokyo Imperial Palace and tour their bonsai collection, you can spy some of the finest specimens in the world, including one of the oldest known bonsai trees, the Third Shogun , which is a five-needle pine that has been steadfastly maintained for an astounding five and a half centuries.
 

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